The Family Puzzles - Demystified (Sort of)

Alexander Maddox

Male Abt 1613 - 1659


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  • Name  Alexander Maddox 
    Born  Abt 1613  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  28 Feb 1659  Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I13387  My Genealogy
    Last Modified  20 Dec 2010 

    Father  Thomas Maddox, Lord Seethrog,   b. 28 Jun 1590,   d. Abt 16 Feb 1623, Jamestown, James City, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Rebecca,   b. 1594, Bermondsey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1686, Jamestown, James City, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  1611 
    Family ID  F8020  Group Sheet

    Family 1  Elizabeth,   b. 1613, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1654, Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  Abt 1632 
    Children 
     1. Ann Maddox,   b. Abt 1633, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1635, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Thomas Maddox,   b. Jun 1641, Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1688
     3. Elizabeth Maddox,   b. Abt 1650, Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Ann Maddox,   b. Abt 1653, Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1691, Somerset, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Alexander Maddox,   b. Abt 1654, Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1717
    Last Modified  18 Dec 2010 
    Family ID  F8022  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Ellinor White,   b. 1630, Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Nov 1694, Somerset, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  11 Mar 1655  Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Lazarus Maddox,   b. 1656, Northampton, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar 1716, Somerset, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  20 Dec 2010 
    Family ID  F3433  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 11 Mar 1655 - Northampton, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 28 Feb 1659 - Northampton, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Alexander Maddox, the progenitor of the families of this name of the Eastern Shore of Virginia and the counties once embraced in old Somerset County, Maryland, came to Virginia in 1635 in the ship Abraham, of London. His age was stated at twenty-two years in the passenger list. This information is to be found on page 138, "Hotten's Lists."
      The first really authentic trace we get of him after his arrival is in the records of Northampton County, Virginia, where in March 1651-2, he signed the "Engagement to be true to the Commonwealth of England." A convenient reference to this fact may be found in the "Virginia Carolorum", p. 221.
      In Northampton County, February 28, 1652, Book 4, p. 160 Court Order: "Certificate was this day granted to Alexander Madox for 300 acres of land due by the rights of six people he brought into Virginia."
      The Virginia Land Records at Richmond, in Book No 3, p. 12, show that on June 10, 1654, "Alexander Madocks and James Jones were granted 516 acres of land lying in Northampton County at the head of Nasawaddocks Creek, the said land being due unto the said Alexander Madocks and James Jones by and for the transportation of ten persons into this Colony."
      The will of Alexander Mattocks, of Northampton County, Virginia, was found in Book 7, p. 64, Northampton County, Virginia, Records, as follows: Alexander Mattocks, of Northampton County: Will dated January 10, 1659, proved February 28, 1659. Witnesses: Nicholas Lawrence, Richard Teage. Devises as follows:
      "To my lawful wife Elinor Mattocks the third part of all my whole estate of moveable goods and two thirds of all my land during her widowhood or until my eldest son shall be of age-and for ye residue of my goods, cattle and chattels are to be equally divided amongst my children, viz.: Thomas Mattocks my eldest son, Alexander Mattocks, my second son, Lazarus Mattocks, my third son, and Elizabeth Fisher, wife unto Philip Fisher, my eldest daughter, and that part that shall fall to Elizabeth Fisher of my estate by proportion I do give unto her, and if she shall die without issue then the property to be returned to be equally divided among my other children-- also my daughter Ann Mattocks, my second daughter.
      "To my sons Thomas Mattocks and Alexander Mattocks the plantation I now live upon containing 300 acres and ye half moiety of one patent containing 516 acres that is betwixt me and James Jones.
      "I appoint my beloved wife guardian to my son Lazarus and to have his estate in her possession as one having most right unto him.
      "I appoint and it is my will that my sons shall be of age at eighteen years old and to be possessed of their estates at that age."
      Son Thomas Mattocks sole executor. Richard Bayly and Arthur Upshur overseers of the Will.
      (signed) "Alexander Mattocks"
    • (Research):Notes for Alexander Maddux
      In 1635, Alexander Mattocks, (1613-1659) arrived in Virginia aboard the ship "Abraham" from London at age 22. He married twice, had six children, owned large tracts of land, had numerous slaves, and died in Northampton County, Virginia. The first really authentic trace we get of Alexander after his arrival is in the records of Northampton Co, Virginia, where in March 1651-2, he signed the "engagement to be true to the Commonwealth of England". In Northampton County, February 28, 1652, "Certificate was this date granted to Alexander Madox for 300 acres ofland due by the rights of six people he brought into Virginia. The Virginia Land Records at Richmond show that on June 10, 1654, "Alexander Madochs and James Jones were granted 516 acres of land lying in Northampton County at the head of Nassawaddocks Creek, the said land being due unto the said Alexander Madocks and James Jones by and for the transportation of ten persons into this Colony".

      At about 46, Alexander died, leaving Ellinor with two small children--her son Lazarus and stepson Alexander. She inherited a third of her husband's property and the rest was divided among all his children. The oldest boy Thomas had been appointed Executor of Alexander's will. Ellinor married twice more, probably by necessity in those difficult colonial times when the area was little more than virgin forest. A few months after Alexander's death, Ellinor married neighbor William Bosman, a recent widower with five of his own children. The larger family moved to Somerset County, Maryland with her son Lazarus and her stepson Alexander, who was about nine at the time. Elinor was not blessed with husbands of longivity. After Mr. Bosman died, she married James Cain (Caan) of Somerset, Maryland and he too became ill and died in only three years in 1670. She died in 1692.

      Half-brothers Alexander Jr. and Lazarus, near each other in age, were apparently very close. They apparently both married around 1677-78. Each named a son for his brother and a daughter for his brother's wife. Other children were named identically.


      ALEXANDER MADDUX was born 1613 in London, England, and died April 04, 1660 in Northampton Co, Virginia Colony. He married (1) ELIZABETH MADDUX Abt. 1632 in prob. England. She was born 1613 in London, England, and died Abt. 1648 in Northampton Co, Virginia. He married (2) ELINOR WHITE March 11, 1650/51 in Northampton Co., Virginia Colony, daughter of LEWIS WHITE and KATHRYNE BOZMAN. She was born 1635 in prob Northampton Co., Virginia Colony, and died November 17, 1694 in Somerset Co., Maryland Colony.
      October, 1635, tensions high, the bloody English Civil War between the Stuart King Charles I and Oliver Cromwell's Parliamentary forces was five years from erupting in England when Alexander, age 22, arrived in Jamestown, Virginia Colony. He arrived, probably after about 45 days at sea, on the ship ABRAHAM. Jamestown was the mandatory entry point from England until 1662. He seems to be the son of a wealthy London merchant. In Virginia, Alexander immediately claimed his headright acres, 50 for each person he brought over from England. Meeting the Virginia Company clerk, he chose land across the Chesapeake from Jamestown on the Eastern Shore. The peninsula extending below the future new colony of Maryland which had been proclaimed in England in 1632. The year before Alexander arrived, 17 Roman Catholic "gentlemen" two Jesuit priests and 280 farmers and laborers (mostly Protestants) settled on the inner coast of the new colony of Maryland. Helped by the Virginia colonists, the new colony escaped the worst of the starving times. The year before Alexander arrived, the entire Virginia part of the Eastern Shore had been designated Northampton County, an administrative district directed from Jamestown. Northampton was one of eight counties in Virginia, seven of them centered around Jamestown and the James River.
      In the years that followed his arrival, young Alexander transported a his family and a number of indentured servants from England gaining 50 acre headrights for each one. Eventually he owned several thousand acres which included fields like "Maddock's Hope." Alexander at first left his first wife Elizabeth in England but transported her to Virginia probably the following year. He and Elizabeth had at least four children born in the Virginia Colony before she died about 1647 or 1648 (one child, Ann, must have died in England or on the ship sailed to Virginia). In his will dated January 10, 1659, Alexander listed four living children from his first marriage that were then aged 11 to 18. On March 11, 1651 Alexander married Elinor White, a young woman 22 years younger than he. Alexander and Elinor had at one son who must have had a tramatic birth because his parents named him Lazarus. Elinor was the daughter of a wealthy planter, Lewis White (ca.1600-1656) whose wife's maiden name was Bosman. Elinor was living on her father's estate in Somerset Co., Maryland Colony with her father, mother, aunt and possibly several Bosman cousins when she married Alexander. While Alexander was alive, the couple lived on his large farm in Virginia. One of Elinor's sisters, name unknown, married a man named Risden. Lewis White died not long after Lazarus was born, and the grand father left half his estate to "Lazarus Maddox" the other half to "Mr. Risden's children." Four years after his second wedding, Alexander died on April 4, 1660 at the age of 47. He left Elinor with Lazarus (age 4) and four of his older children, age 12 to 19. In the custom of the Virginia frontier, she quickly married her cousin William Bosman (ca. 1609-1665) probably the same year Alexander died. Bosman was an Englishman who arrived in Maryland about 1648. Elinor brought Alexander's considerable wealth in land holdings to her second union, keeping a third to herself, two-thirds allotted to the Maddox children. William Bosman was also a relatively wealthy man, and had been married before to Bridget. To his union with Elinor, he brought seven children from his previous marriage, aged infant to age 11. Alexander's first wife Elizabeth and Bosman's wife Bridget may have died from childbirth infection, the primary killer of adult women in these years in Virginia. Four years after he married Elinor, William Bosman died on August 9, 1665 making her twice a widow with probably ten children to raise. Within a few months of William's death, Elinor married a third time to James Caine. Now controlling all of Alexander's and William Bosman's lands, Elinor and Caine settled in with Bosman's sister Blandina on the plantation now called Manokin Hundred. Sources: John Camden Hotten, Original Lists of Persons of Quality, Baltimore: Genealogy Publishing, 1968, pp. 37, 47, 138; Virginia Historical Society Magazine, "Virginia Carolorum," Richmond: Virginia Historical Society, books 3:12; 4: 160, 221; Northampton County Wills, Virginia Records, books 5:122, 7:64; Liber E B No. 5, Folio 131 Somerset County, Maryland Wills.

      WILL of ALEXANDER MATTOCKS of Northampton County, Virginia, Jan'y 10, 1659
      Witnesses: Nicholas Lawrence, Richard Teage. To my lawful wife Elinor Mattocks the third part of all my whole estate of moveable goods and two thirds of all my land during her widowhood or until my eldest son shall be of age -- and residue of my goods, cattle and chattels are to be equally divided amongst my children, vis: Thomas Mattocks my eldest son, Alexander Mattocks, my second son, Lazarus Mattocks, my third son, and Elizabeth Fisher [about 17], wife unto Philip Fisher, my eldest daughter, and that part that shall fall to Elizabeth Fisher of my estate by proportion I do give unto her, and if she shall die without issue then the property to be returned to be equally divided among my other children --- also my daughter Ann Mattocks, my second daughter.
      To my sons Thomas Mattocks [about age 14) and Alexander Mattocks (about ]12) the plantation I now live upon containing 300 acres and ye half moiety of one patent containing 516 acres that is betwixt me and James Jones.
      I appoint my beloved wife guardian to my son Lazarus [age 3] and to have his estate in her possession as one having most right unto him.
      I appoint and it is my will that my sons shall be of age at eighteen years old and to be possessed of tyheir estates at that age.
      Son Thomas Mattocks sole executor. Richard Bayly and Arthur Upshur overseers of the will. (signed) Alexander Mattocks
      Book No. 7, p. 64, Northampton County, Virginia Records.

      Note Alexander usually spelled his name "Mattocks." Lazarus, his son by Elinor, usually spelled his name "Maddox."